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P.G.T. Tour Group

Monasteries And Mysteries

1 Day

This tour is like an introduction to the present and to the old Greek religion, Christianity and the Gods of Olympus.  Within a day we are going to visit a major ancient religious centre “Eleusis” and two of the oldest and most famous monasteries “Daphni” and “Oss. Patapios”.

The tour starts with our visit to the monastery of  Daphni (or Daphne or Dafni) which  lies to the west of Athens, almost half-way along the Sacred Way to Eleusis. This site has been considered sacred since ancient times when there was a temple dedicated to Apollo there.  The temple is long since gone (except for one column near the entrance), but the name Daphni (Greek for “laurel,” Apollo’s sacred plant) still honours Apollo’s memory.  The first monastery was erected on the site in the 6th century A.D. and was enclosed by strong defensive walls, almost square in plan.

The second phase, dated to the end of the 11th century (around 1080), is the one preserved. The “catholicon” is a crossing-square church of the octagonal type, surmounted by a broad and high dome.  It has a narthex, formed as an open portico in which the Ionic columns of the ancient temple of Apollo were built.

After our visit to Daphni monastery we continue driving on the Sacred Way all the way to Eleusis.

Eleusis is the location where the cult of the goddess Demeter (Ceres) existed many centuries and where the most famous religious festival, called the Eleusinian Mysteries, were performed every year in the honour of this deity.  The name of the town, Eleusís, is a variant of the noun έλευσις, éleusis that means arrival. 

The Mysteries seem to be related to a Homeric myth (650 B.C.). according to which Demeter’s daughter Persephone (also referred to as Kore, “girl”) was seized by her uncle, Hades, the god of death and the underworld who took her to his underworld kingdom to be his queen. Zeus allowed Persephone to return to her mother but only for six months every year.

The Eleusinian Mysteries probably included a celebration of Persephone’s return, for it was also the rebirth of plants and the return of life to the earth.  Persephone had gone into the underworld (underground, like seeds in the winter), then returned to the land of the living: her return to her mother is symbolic of the rebirth of all flora during Spring and, by extension, of all life on earth.

Duration approximately 8 hours

All our private tours are flexible.  It is always up to you to change the itinerary according to your wishes.

Admission fees, hotel and food are not included in the price of the tour.

Temple of Aphaia opens daily

SummerWinter
From  April 1st to October 31stFrom November 1st to March 31st 
08:00-19:3008:30-15:00

Reduced admission (50%)

Original passport or copy necessary
Between 6-25 years old, from countries outside the E.U.
Senior citizens of the E.U. aged over 65
Everybody from Nov. 1st to March 31st

Free admission for visitors

Original passport or copy necessary
Up to 25 years old from countries of the E.U 
Children up to 5 years old from countries outside the E.U 
Highschool & University students over 25 years old from countries of the E.U. (a certificate from the educational institution certifying tuition and its duration is necessary)

Days of free admission for all to archaeological sites & public Museums

March 6 (In Memory of Melina Mercouri)
April 18 (International Monuments Day)
May 18 (International Museums Day)
The last weekend of September (European Heritage Days)
Oct. 28 (National Holiday)
First Sunday of every month, from Nov. 1st to March 31st

Holidays

1 JanuaryClosed
6 January08:30 – 15:00
Shrove Monday08:30 – 15:00
25 MarchClosed
Greek Orhodox Good Friday12:00 – 15:00
Greek Orhodox Good Saturday08:30 – 15:00
Greek Orhodox Easter SundayClosed
Greek Orhodox Easter Monday08:30 – 15:00
May 1Closed
Holy Spirit Day08:30 – 15:00
5 August08:30 – 15:00
28 October08:30 – 15:00
25 DecemberClosed
26 DecemberClosed

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